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Additive 3D Printing Technician

Hybrid Apprenticeship
Sponsoring Company:
Robert C. Byrd Institute and Apprenticeship Works National Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (NAMAP)
O*Net Code
Rapids Code
Req. Hours
Jul 16, 2021
Jul 16, 2021

Time-Based Skills

12 skill sets | 161 total skills
Industrial Safety - 20 req. hrs
Demonstrate the ability to adhere to personal grooming requirements in the facility.
Demonstrate the ability to use personal protective equipment including eye, ear, hand, respiratory, body and foot protection, by ensuring that a correct fit and optimum protection is provided to the wearer for the specific task, in accordance with applicable safety legislation, government regulations, manufacturers' specifications and company standards/procedures.
Demonstrate the ability to follow fire safety procedures including: determining the potential for fire posed by the work being performed; locating and assessing the severity of the fire; selecting and operating fire extinguishing equipment; suppressing minor fires; activating alarms; following fire evacuation plans; and, reporting incidents; in accordance with applicable Acts, Regulations, Legislation, and Codes, manufacturers’ specifications, and company standards or procedures.
Demonstrate the ability to work around energy sources by observing limits and procedures for approaching energy sources to ensure personal safety and protection of equipment in accordance with standards.
Demonstrate adherence to performing lock-out/tag-out procedures and energy isolation for assigned machinery in accordance with facility regulations.
Demonstrate the ability to handle and store hazardous materials as assigned, while adhering to safe practices in accordance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requirements and guidelines, including completing the required documentation.
Demonstrate the ability to identify all pinch points on primary and supportive machine tools and the proper placements of guards.
Demonstrate both emergency and standard shut down of all required equipment.
Demonstrate the use and location of eye wash sinks within the workplace.
Demonstrate the use and location of first aid kits in the workplace.
Demonstrate the ability to practice good housekeeping in the workplace, by ensuring that the workplace is clean, organized, and free of obstructions, spills, or fire hazard and that materials and equipment are cleaned and sorted in designated areas after use.
Demonstrate the safe use of hand and power tools.
Demonstrate how to identify and recognize hazardous situations and apply proper procedures (includes following guidelines to prevent spread of blood borne pathogens and spill control).
Demonstrate how to locate a material Safety Data Sheet (SDS) and describe how you interpret the information.
Workplace Skills - 20 req. hrs
Demonstrate the ability to listen and comprehend instructions.
Demonstrate the ability to read and comprehend English.
Interpret specific instructions from a supervisor.
Demonstrate the ability to write clear letters, instructions and reports.
Use e-mail and other electronic means for communication.
Communicate non-documented processes to fellow employees or supervisors.
Read and interpret non-English information, such as material specifications.
Demonstrate the ability to use a group approach to identify problems and develop solutions based on group consensus.
Adhere to company policies related to timeliness, punctuality, and confidentiality.
Demonstrate time management skills.
Work effectively in teams within a workforce or group.
Manage conflict effectively and with sensitivity to the needs and perceptions of others.
Plan and conduct effective meetings.
Demonstrate life-long learning geared toward personal growth.
Demonstrate strong presentation skills for small and large groups.
Exercise appropriate usages of computer systems.
Demonstrate adherence to computer security policies.
Demonstrate proficiency in keyboard skills.
Use email and text messaging effectively with the correct grammar and spelling.
Create and use spreadsheets for data analysis, graphic, record keeping and other uses.
Use the internet effectively for researching and acquiring technical information.
Create quality written documents using word processing software.
Create and use database applications.
Integrate documents containing word processing, spreadsheets and graphics.
Analyze test data, compare information and draw rational conclusions.
Demonstrate mastery in basic arithmetic, including proportions, percentages, etc.
Show that data, calculations and results are reasonable.
Use mental arithmetic and calculators as computation tools.
Prepare and interpret graphs using a variety of scales and presentation techniques.
Perform conversions for units from one system to another.
Use accurately both U.S. Customary units and the International System of Units (ISU).
Demonstrate the use of accuracy and precision.
Utilize concepts of perimeter, area and volume of basic shapes.
Apply concepts of angles and triangles.
Problem Solving - 20 req. hrs
Recall key job-related information (processes, references, terminology, acronyms).
Show proficient observation skills during demonstrations of processes or equipment operation.
Perform troubleshooting of equipment and instrumentation.
Perform basic setup, diagnosis and repair of industrial machinery and equipment.
Use vendor catalogs to acquire troubleshooting information and to identify materials and components for work tasks.
Demonstrate flexibility, willingness to learn and ability to solve problems.
Demonstrate the tracing of defects to the originating section of their root cause.
Demonstrate the use of cause mapping when performing Root Cause Analysis.
Demonstrate the ability to apply the 5 Why methodology to isolate problems for an equipment problem.
Demonstrate the ability to apply effective observation and interview strategies to validate the problem and determine the most effective troubleshooting strategy.
Quality Assurance and Part Analysis - 100 req. hrs
Measure dimensions accurately using scales, micrometers and related tools.
Measure hardness, impact strength and related properties of materials accurately.
Demonstrate knowledge of order of magnitude of measurement and scales.
Measure temperature, pressure, force, torque and related quantities accurately.
Measure mass accurately using appropriate devices.
Apply precision metrology devices and inspection tools.
Read and interpret technical drawings.
Interpret and apply tolerances on component dimensions and specifications.
Material Selection, Sourcing, Requisitioning - 50 req. hrs
Choose and apply a type of material to render parts.
Compare the differing properties and characteristics of common materials used for additive manufacturing models.
Perform formal historical sourcing analysis for upcoming events, tapping into internal/external data to identify trends, opportunities and threats.
Execute structured formal bid processes, (Request for Information [RFI], Request for Quotation [RFQ], Request for Proposal [RFP]), consistently with appropriate suppliers, which include favorable terms and conditions to the enterprise.
Evaluate supplier capabilities against a standard set of well-documented criteria and provides a comprehensive comparison on the relative capabilities of suppliers against the criteria.
Part Design (CAD) - 1000 req. hrs
Create and modify technical drawings using computer-aided design (CAD), including three-dimensional (3D) modeling.
Demonstrate the proper use of computer-aided design (CAD) software.
Apply the computer-aided (CAD) design three-dimensional (3D) coordinate system for three-dimensional objects.
Demonstrate and apply basic software utilities for arranging, detailing and plotting views of an object.
Align, rotate and mirror three-dimensional (3D) objects.
Create and render a three-dimensional (3D) model.
Perform analysis on the computer model and refine the design, as needed.
Enter and save data for an object drawing.
Create an assembly drawing with proper dimensioning and appropriate views.
Apply basic solid modeling commands.
Create multiple parts using components of a design tree.
Choose and apply a type of material to use to render parts.
Demonstrate basic design principles of visual and spatial form as applied to products.
Capture physical three-dimensional (3D) objects, and reverse engineer accurate computer-aided design (CAD) models from three-dimensional (3D) scans.
Describe the fundamentals of material selection for product and system design.
Measure and calculate properties of parts.
Apply orthographic projection principles to drawing’s layouts.
Perform analyses on the sketch procedures and refine the sketch design.
Perform advanced mating using multiple parts or sub-assemblies.
Create and insert render parts into the sheet environment of a solid modeling drawing.
Create basic building construction, architectural and object designs in three dimensions.
Demonstrate a thorough knowledge of three-dimensional (3D) file formats as applicable.
Demonstrate the ability to manipulate and modify a three- dimensional (3D) file.
Explain and illustrate the advantages of using the different three-dimensional (3D) file formats.
Describe the characteristics of the different three-dimensional (3D) file formats.
Differentiate part orientation using x, y, z, coordinates in the build platform.
Define and illustrate orthogonal orientation notation of a part.
Demonstrate the right hand rule for positive rotations with reference to the build volume origin.
Cost Modeling: Pricing Parts Correctly - 50 req. hrs
Prepare detailed cost estimates of capital and annual operating costs, maintenance and repair, and replacement costs for a project or component of a project, such as equipment, materials, assembly, inspection, modification, quality assurance, etc.
Calculate the return on investment, present worth and/or annual cost and benefit of a project having initial capital and annual operation, maintenance, repair, salvage value and replacement costs using appropriate interest, discount, and projected inflation rates.
Identify and quantify the economic risks associated with a project or product, including how warranty costs are considered for a product.
Compare design alternatives with varying cost profiles on a present worth or annual cost basis.
Interact with managers and other professionals in providing project economic information and opinions of project costs in financial analysis and financing process.
Process Selection - 50 req. hrs
Identify standards of ASTM International (formerly the American Society for Testing and Materials) in relation to additive manufacturing.
Define the basic terms used in additive manufacturing in oral and written communications.
Explain and illustrate the various additive manufacturing processes.
Compare and contrast the various additive manufacturing processes.
Compare and contrast additive manufacturing processes to other manufacturing processes.
Machine Operation - 100 req. hrs
Demonstrate a knowledge of the safety precautions required to operate each additive manufacturing device.
Demonstrate the proper method for wearing of safety goggles, face shields particle masks, ear protection devices and appropriate clothing used in additive manufacturing.
Demonstrate the required response needed in the event of an accident in the workplace.
Demonstrate the location and use of safety manuals located in the workplace.
Demonstrate the location and operation of all power sources for additive manufacturing equipment in the workplace.
Set-up a 3D printer (Three Dimensional Printer) and supporting equipment for a build, including uploading the file, placing support structures, selecting part orientation, and loading the build materials and platform.
Start and stop an operation in accordance with standard operating procedures.
Fabricate a part or an assembly using additive manufacturing equipment.
Machine Maintenance: Troubleshooting, Install, etc. - 50 req. hrs
Verify equipment is ready for operation in accordance with a safety checklist.
Identify machine malfunctions through observations of control panels or other notifications.
Use five senses to observe machine operations and vibration to determine if operations is correct.
Recognize symptoms of equipment malfunction.
Check for leaks, dirt and loose connections during equipment operations.
Read and interpret pressure gauges, flow meters, fluid levels, temperature gauges, voltages and current.
Use Human Machine Interface (HMI) equipment to monitor machine performance.
Replace or install additive manufacturing equipment components to maintain proper working order.
Select applicable diagnostic or configuration software so that controls, instruments, equipment, and systems can be calibrated, configured, and tested, in accordance with manufacturers’ specifications, and company standards/procedures.
Identify required configuration licensing so that controls, instruments, equipment, and systems can be calibrated, configured, and tested, in accordance with manufacturers’ specifications, and company standards/procedures.
Use software such as spreadsheets, databases, and word processors so that controls, instruments, equipment, and systems can be calibrated, configured, and tested, in accordance with manufacturers’ specifications, and company standards/procedures.
Use interfaces such as handhelds, laptops, and modems so that controls, instruments, equipment, and systems can be calibrated, configured, and tested, in accordance with manufacturers’ specifications, and company standards/procedures.
Update software and firmware so that controls, instruments, equipment, and systems can be calibrated, configured, and tested, in accordance with manufacturers’ specifications, and company standards/procedures.
Back-up data and equipment configurations so that controls, instruments, equipment, and systems can be calibrated, configured, and tested, in accordance with manufacturers’ specifications, and company standards/procedures.
Post Processing, Finishing and Breakout - 390 req. hrs
Demonstrate a thorough knowledge of the proper use of basic hand tools (hammers, pliers, screw drivers, hand saws, wrenches, sanding blocks).
Demonstrate a thorough knowledge of the proper use of standard machine tools (electric: drills, saws, grinders, sanders).
Interpret the proper tool selection for a given task.
Demonstrate a knowledge of investment casting and how additive manufacturing is used as a secondary process for investment casting.
Demonstrate a knowledge of sand casting and how additive manufacturing is used as a secondary process for sand casting, including making the cope and drag using additive manufacturing.
Demonstrate a knowledge of die casting and how additive manufacturing is used as a secondary process for die casting.
Demonstrate a knowledge of silicone molding and how additive manufacturing is used as a secondary process for silicone molding, including making the master pattern using additive manufacturing and how to create silicone molds using the master pattern.
Demonstrate a knowledge of composite molding and how additive manufacturing is used as a secondary process for composite molding.
Demonstrate a knowledge of metal spraying and how additive manufacturing is used as a secondary process for metal spraying.
Demonstrate a knowledge of metal stamping/forming and how additive manufacturing is used as a secondary process for metal stamping/forming.
Demonstrate a knowledge of hydroforming and how additive manufacturing is used as a secondary process for hydroforming, including making molds using additive manufacturing.
Demonstrate a knowledge of thermoforming and how additive manufacturing is used as a secondary process for thermoforming.
Demonstrate a knowledge of EDM (electrical discharge machining) and how additive manufacturing is used as a secondary process for electrical discharge machining (EDM).
Demonstrate a knowledge of important additive manufacturing post-processing procedure, such as abrasive finishing, heat treatment, support structure removal, and painting, and how to perform them.
Demonstrate a knowledge of the coatings used in additive manufacturing post-processing and how to apply them.
Demonstrate a knowledge of additive manufacturing assembly procedures, such as adhesive bonding and welding.
Demonstrate a knowledge of the various metal cutting procedures, such as turning and milling.
Demonstrate a knowledge of manual machining, including using an engine lathe.
Electrical Systems - 50 req. hrs
Adhere to National Electric Code (NEC) safety procedures for tightening, disconnecting or connecting electrical conductors and components.
Adhere to hazard avoidance in contact with live electrical systems.
Adhere to guidelines on the safe approach distances while working on electrical systems.
Use a multi-meter to measure voltage and current to an electrical circuit.
Use a multi-meter to measure resistance in an electrical circuit.
Use a multi-meter to perform a continuity check in an electrical circuit
Calculate power in an electrical circuit given current and voltage.
Size fuses and circuit breakers in accordance with NEC requirements for a given power draw in an electrical circuit with consideration to ampacity of wiring in that circuit.
Install fuses and circuit breakers into circuits.
Inspect circuit breakers to determine if they have been tripped.
Reset a circuit breaker.
Recognize all protective tags and lockout devices that are used to isolate equipment and components from hazardous energy sources.

Technical Instruction

Industrial Safety - 10 req. hrs
Occupational Safety Health Administration (OSHA) Training
Personal Protection Equipment [PPE]
Hazard Communication
Accident/Near Miss Reporting
Hazardous Materials
Emergency Plan
Fire Prevention
Blood Borne Pathogens
Lock-Out Tag- Out
Walking and Working Surfaces
Machine Guarding
Additive Manufacturing Hazards: Mechanical; Electrical; Thermal; Airborne Particles)
Advanced Mathematics - 6 req. hrs
Applied Mathematics Review
Units of Measurement
History of 3D Printing - 4 req. hrs
Uses of additive manufacturing parts
Industries using additive manufacturing
3D Printing Theory - 16 req. hrs
Introduction to Additive Manufacturing
Sources of Input
Additive Manufacturing Materials
Additive Manufacturing Processes
Current Technology and Equipment Supporting Additive Manufacturing
Secondary Processes
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Standards - 4 req. hrs
Additive Manufacturing Quality Systems
Key Quality Factors
Digital File Configuration and Control
Vendor and Raw Material Management
Device Inspection/Control
Machine Calibration
Preventative Maintenance
Sample Testing
Production/Process Flow Documentation
Final Part Inspection
Practical Metrology - 24 req. hrs
Dimensional Measurement
Blueprint Reading and Interpretation
Part Tolerance
Measurement Equipment and Gauges
Hardness Testing
Optical Comparators
Vision Systems
Coordinate Measuring Machines
Additive Manufacturing Materials - 12 req. hrs
Additive Manufacturing Materials
Materials: Polymers; Metals; Ceramics; Hybrid
Vendor Considerations
Material Life Cycle
Applied 3D Printing - 80 req. hrs
3D Printing Equipment Operation
Equipment Overview and Setup
AM File Input
Auxiliary Equipment Set-Up and Operations
Part Verification
Additive Manufacturing Secondary - 12 req. hrs
Investment Casting
Sand Casting
Die Casting
Silicone Molding
Lay-Up Tooling
Metal Spraying
Metal Forming
Metal Spraying
Jigs and Fixtures
Paper Pulp Tooling
Electrical Discharge Machining [EDM] Tools
Additive Manufacturing Post Processing - 12 req. hrs
Materials Methods
Automating Processes
Processes for Parts and Components
Processes for Final Products/Use
Workplace Communications - 4 req. hrs
Active Listening
Reading and Comprehension
Writing Clearly
Communicating Through Multiple Means of Communication
Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing (GD&T) - 12 req. hrs
Applied Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing (GD&T) for Design for Additive Manufacturing (DFAM)
Terminology and Key Elements
Goals and Objectives
Integrating GD&T for Rapid Prototyping
Intermediate Computer-Aided Design (CAD) - 40 req. hrs
Applied Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Design
Software Navigation
Drawing Creation and Modification
Arranging/Detailing and Plotting Views of an Object
Capture Three-Dimensional Cans of Objects and Reverse Engineering in Software Environment
Save and Render Parts
Additive Part Design - 80 req. hrs
Design for Additive Manufacturing (DFAM)
Design Strengths
Design Weaknesses
Design Considerations
Computational Modeling
Design for Direct Digital Manufacturing
Legacy Parts Optimization
Customer Requirement Specifications
Design Verification
Risk Management
Basic Electrical Systems - 16 req. hrs
Core Electrical Systems
Interpreting Schematics
Electrical Theory
Power Supply
Basic Wiring
Basic Computer Numerical Control Systems - 24 req. hrs
Core Computer Numerical Control (CNC) Systems
Cartesian Coordinate System
Part Programs
Problem Solving - 16 req. hrs
Problem Solving
Root Cause Analysis
The 5 Why’s
Creative Thinking
Preventative and Predicative Maintenance

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