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Robotics Technicians

Published
Competency-Based Apprenticeship
Sponsoring Company:
Workforce Intelligence Network (WIN)
Industries
O*Net Code
17-3024.01
Rapids Code
Req. Hours
0
State
Created
Aug 27, 2021
Updated
Aug 27, 2021

Competency-Based Skills

22 skill sets | 87 total skills
Safety - Safety Procedures
Demonstrate ability to safely enter a work cell including performing proper Energy Control Power Lockout (ECPL) procedures.
Describe how an ECPL Control Gravity procedure as it relates to robotic manipulator prior to performing any inspection or maintenance work.
Describe the proper procedure should an employee be trapped by a manipulator arm.
Describe the Emergency Stop Activation procedure and when it should be used. Then describe the Emergency Stop Reset procedure to recover.
Safety - Safety Features
Identify the robot work envelope and explain why it is important regarding safely working within the robot cell.
Locate the emergency robot arm brake release and describe its function.
Locate the teach pendant Hold-to-Run button(s), a.k.a.: live man switch, and explain its function.
Locate and identify the following safety components as applicable: ECPL signage, all Emergency Stops pushbuttons, gate interlocks, floor markings, area scanners, light curtains, vision sensors, pressure mats, warning/indicator lights.
Components - Robot Components
Describe the basic types of robots by manufacturing function.
Explain the function of the E.O.A.T (End of Arm Tooling) and list several types.
Locate and identify the basic components of a robotic work cell including: robot type, end effector, fixtures, controller(s), HMIs (Human Machine Interface), services (electrical, pneumatic, hydraulic), guarding (perimeter and component), etc.
On a typical 6-Axes robot, identify each major and minor axis, the servo motor location, then describe its motion when actuated.
Define the difference between Joint and Cartesian coordinate systems, list the systems available in the Cartesian coordinate system, and describe each in relationship to its origin point.
Explain the function of the Densifier pack, and Dress-out pack in robotic operation.
Locate and describe the Robotic Control Panel buttons, switches, indicator lights, cable connections functionality.
Locate and describe the teach pendant controls, buttons, and operating features.
Components - Robot End of Arm Tooling
Describe the basic functionality of the End of Arm Tooling (a.k.a.: End Effector) for a material handling operation. Include peripheral components that may need to be included such as fixtures, conveyors, tool changers, etc.
Describe the basic functionality of the End of Arm Tooling (a.k.a.: End Effector) for a painting application operation. Include peripheral components that may need to be included such as application guns, color mixing/changer, cleaning, special considerations etc.
Describe the basic functionality of the End of Arm Tooling (a.k.a.: End Effector) for a welding operation. List 7 basic types of welding applications. Include peripheral components that may need to be included such as fixtures, conveyors, tip dressers, wire spool feeders, etc.
Describe the basic functionality of the End of Arm Tooling (a.k.a.: End Effector) for an adhesive/sealant application operation. Include peripheral components that may need to be included such as fixtures, tip cleaners, adhesive supply units, etc.
Describe the basic functionality of the End of Arm Tooling (a.k.a.: End Effector) for an assembly/ fastening operation. Include peripheral components that may need to be included such as fixtures, controllers, part supply units, etc.
Describe the basic functionality of the End of Arm Tooling (a.k.a.: End Effector) for a hemming operation. Include peripheral components that may need to be included such as fixtures, controllers, tool changer, etc.
Describe the basic functionality of the End of Arm Tooling (a.k.a.: End Effector) for a material removal operation. List several types of material operation. Include peripheral components that may need to be included such as fixtures, controllers, tool changer, etc.
Describe the basic functionality of the End of Arm Tooling (a.k.a.: End Effector) utilizing a vision system. Include peripheral components that may need to be included such as fixtures, lights, HMI, etc.
Describe the basic functionality of the End of Arm Tooling (a.k.a.: End Effector) utilizing a tool changer system. Include peripheral components that may need to be included such as fixtures, controllers, etc.
Components - Robot Transfer Unit
Describe the basic functionality of the Robot Transfer Unit (RTU) a.k.a.: Robot Transport Unit or 7th Axis. Include peripheral components that may need to be included such as fixtures, controllers, etc.
Components - Robot Cooperative Systems
Describe the different ways multiple robots may work cooperatively and specifically on collision avoidance. Include peripheral components that may need to be included such as fixtures, controllers, etc.
Operation - Teach Pendant and Screens
Identify the basic areas of the teach pendant and their functions.
Identify the basic areas of the operation screens and describe how to navigate between screens.
Operation - Operation
Explain pre-start checks and why they are important.
Demonstrate a power up sequence for a typical robot cell from power sources off and proper adjustment of all services.
Demonstrate a shutdown sequence for a typical robot cell including all services. Explain short term (i.e., end of shift) vs. long term (i.e., service work) differences.
Explain the different modes of operation and cycle types available for a given robot workcell and how to select them.
Demonstrate placing robot into Auto mode for running production.
Operation - Jogging
Demonstrate the procedure for changing from Auto mode to Manual mode for jogging purposes.
Define what the Tool Center Point (TCP) is in relationship to the robot without tooling and to different types of end effector tooling.
List the available types of jogging movements in Incremental mode, and explain the uses for each.
Demonstrate jogging the robot in each of the Cartesian and Joint (Linear) coordinate systems.
Demonstrate using the override mode and changing jog speed.
Operation - Coordinate Systems
Define the following coordinate systems: Base, Joint, Tool, World, User and the expected robot movements of each.
Define the robot's degrees of freedom in terms of Yaw, Pitch, and Roll.
Operation - Error/Alarm Messages
Locate where error messages and warnings are located on the teach pendant and how to view alarm history.
Demonstrate the procedure for fault reset, clearing the alarms, and reset teach pendant if necessary.
Explain the operating system restart options and which to use for the current situation.
Describe the procedure (from Teach Penandt and HMI) for sending the robot to "Home" position if the robot deviates too far off the programmed pathway.
Programming - Programs
Explain accessing the programming environment and simulation software.
Demonstrate loading production programs from teach pendant.
Programming - Frames
Explain the term frames in the following types and how they are utilized: World, Joint, Tool, User, and Object.
Demonstrate the procedure for setting up a World frame, Tool frame, User, and Object frame.
Programming - Data Types
List the typical I/Os and data registers used in robotic operation.
Demonstrate accessing and modifying I/O signals and instructions.
Programming - Editing Programs
Setup and test Tool Center Points (TCP) for the following as available: Gripper, Adhesive/Sealer Application, Welder, Paint, Nutrunner, Hemmer, Vision.
Demonstrate jogging the robot to a target position and recording a position value (position register) using the Teach Pendant.
Demonstrate opening an existing production program and modifying a position value (position register).
Demonstrate the ability to create a basic robotic program, test and run. Show how to adjust speed, force, and to run in step, cycle, and continuous modes.
Demonstrate setting up the interface between a robot and the peripheral equipment for a given production type.
Demonstrate use of simulation software to develop offline and test (debug) programs.
Describe manipulator arm and wrist singularities and how to avoid them in programming.
Demonstrate setting up cooperative robot programs.
Explain setting up collision avoidance and detection.
Explain setting up axis limitations, and testing.
Explain using macros and sub-routines in programming and where they would be used.
Explain the advantages and disadvantages of walk-through, a.k.a. lead through, programming.
Explain the advantages of online vs. offline programming.
Demonstrate ability to read robot interface drawings, plant layout drawings, P&ID diagrams, program logic, plant communications, to set up and program a robot cell including robot position, end of arm tooling, controller, I/Os, peripheral devices, safety equipment, etc.
Demonstrate backing up and restoring program files, system parameters, and control software images.
Maintenance - Maintenance Safety
Demonstrate placing the robot into maintenance position and explain how to properly block, brace or support manipulator for safety.
Maintenance - Basic Maintenance
Demonstrate cleaning the robot and controller, and describe the types of solvents which can be safely used.
Using the five senses, describe predictive maintenance by inspection of the robot and robotic components.
Explain Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) and how it affects robots, robot controllers, related components and ways to prevent it.
List the system checks to perform for a typical robotic system.
Maintenance - Maintenance Procedure
Demonstrate a lubrication replacement procedure for one of the manipulator's main axes.
Demonstrate robot stop inspection and replacement procedure.
Demonstrate a robot battery pack replacement procedure.
Demonstrate a controller filter replacement procedure.
Describe the process for replacing a robot axis motor and what is required for proper setup afterward.
Maintenance - Robot Calibration
Describe the various mastering/calibration procedures available for a particular robot and the uses and benefits of each.
Demonstrate aligning the robot calibration alignment witness marks (zero degree) mastering the robot.
Demonstrate updating the servo motor revolution (pulse) counter procedure.
Maintenance - End of Arm Tooling Maintenance
Describe typical inspection and maintenance for various types of end of arm tooling (i.e., material handling, welder, nutrunner, etc..).
Troubleshooting - Safety Considerations
Explain the considerations to ensure the safety of personnel and equipment when performing troubleshooting on live robotic systems.
Demonstrate how to determine the proper PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) required for troubleshooting live equipment.
Troubleshooting - Troubleshooting Process
Explain the troubleshooting process when diagnosing systems including the specific steps to be taken to ensure the problem is verified, identified, and corrected.
List the various ways systems may be monitored (electronically and physically) and how feedback systems can be utilized to identify, diagnose, and correct the root cause(es) of the problem.
Demonstrate where and how to view event messages, error codes, fault messages, alarm messages, warning messages, etc.
Demonstrate troubleshooting and repairing a system based on error code analysis, probable causes, and recommended actions.
Explain the troubleshooting follow-up process to ensure the equipment problem has been properly corrected, verified, and documented.

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